Kimono & Other Information

7

Japan's history is divided into eras (also called periods):

April 2019 - present  -  Reiwa Era     -    Beautiful Harmony

1989 - 2019       -     Heisei Era     -     Peace Everywhere
1926 - 1989       -     Showa Era     -     Enlightened Peace
1912 - 1926       -     Taisho Era     -     Period of Great Righteousness
1868 - 1912       -     Meiji Era     -     Period of Enlightened Rule
1603- 1868        -     Edo Era     -     Named after the capital city Edo, now known as Tokyo 
1568 - 1603       -     Momoyama Era 
1392 - 1568       -     Muromachi Era 
1336 - 1392       -     Nanboku-cho Era - North & Southern Courts Era 
1185 - 1336       -     Kamakura Era
794 - 1185         -     Heian Era 
710 - 794           -     Nara Era 
250 - 710           -     Kofun Era 
400 BC - 250 AD  -   Yayoi Era 
8000 - 400 BC    -    Jomon (Neolithic) Era 


In the latter half of the 19th century it was decided that, from the Meiji era on, each emperor's reign would constitute one era. That is to say, the year in which an Emperor ascended to the throne would be the first year of a new era, which would end on the event of his death or abdication. For 1,300 years, the name was traditionally drawn from classical Chinese literature, but, starting on April 2019, Reiwa breaks with this tradition by coming, instead, from Japanese poetry; the 7th century collection “Manyoshu”.

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